Applying Multiple Intelligences theory in teaching math in the final grades of primary schools in Vietnam

Applying Multiple Intelligences theory in teaching math in the final grades of primary schools in Vietnam

Nguyen Ngoc Giang Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City
Recently, Vietnam has undergone a strong transformation from the knowledge-centered to the capacity development-oriented teaching approach. In the capacity development-oriented teaching approach, individuals’ strengths and weaknesses are specially focused on. In order to maximize the students’ strengths and overcome their weaknesses, the utilization of the theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI) of the American psychologist Gardner in teaching is the most appropriate. MI theory suggests that any individual possesses one of the eight types of intelligence: linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, visual-spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, naturalistic intelligence. Teachers need to arouse every student’s passion and excitement; teachers need to have encouraging activities to maximize students’ ability. In this article, we focus on researching the role of teachers, offering a variety of assessment forms, as well as illustrating examples of applying MI theory in teaching primary mathematics. Specifically, we also provide methods to develop MI. This article surveyed 83 students, 23 teachers about the utilization of MI theory in teaching. The article also investigated the case study of 8 students having different highly developed intelligences. Through experimental investigation, data processing, the result shows that MI teaching method has more obvious advantages than the traditional teaching ones. MI teaching is one of the best methods to help develop the strengths of students.
Theory of Multiple Intelligences
capacity development
elementary math
description table

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