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Author Instructions


1. Language

The language of the manuscript must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both).


2. Submission Method

Contributors should submit their manuscripts in .doc or .rtf format. All submissions are subjected to a blind peer review process and must accord with the style guidelines which are available and downloadable on VJES webpage. 


3.  Abstract
Manuscripts should be accompanied by an abstract as well as by a list of 3-5 keywords. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.


4. Length of Paper

Although there is no upper limit on the length of manuscripts, the manuscript narrative should be between 8 -11 pages in accordance to APA style which requires both in-text citations and a reference list.

Manuscripts that do not comply with instructions specified herein will be returned to the author immediately. The editors encourage contributors to avoid including explanatory notes whose material can be incorporated into the text.


5. Illustrations

Illustrations submitted (line drawings, halftones, photos, photomicrographs, etc.) should be clean digital files. For highest quality reproduction, contributors should follow these guidelines: - 300 dpi or higher - sized to fit on journal page - EPS, TIFF, JPG, or PSD format only - Submitted as separate files, not embedded in text files.


6. Tables and Figures

 Tables and figures (illustrations) should not be embedded in the text, but should be included as separate files. A short descriptive title should appear above each table with a clear legend and any footnotes suitably identified below. All units must be included. Figures should be completely labeled, takin into account necessary size reduction. Captions should be typed, double-spaced, on the final page of the main document.


7. References

Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit to learn more about APA style


8. Proofs

Page proofs are sent to the designated author and must be carefully checked then returned within 48 hours of receipt.